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Prespa Agreement 2018

Opublikowano: grudzień 15th, 2020 by foto-klinika |

The ceremony formalized an agreement that countries announced on Tuesday. On 25 June, the Greek Foreign Ministry informed the EU and NATO that Greece, under its new name, was no longer opposed to Macedonia`s Euro-Atlantic accession. However, the next day, Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov refused to sign the agreement[58] and threatened Macedonian Prime Minister Zaev and the government coalition MPs with a prison sentence of at least 5 years if they voted in favour of an agreement that Ivanov says places the Republic of Macedonia in a position inferior to a foreign state. “I do not accept the revision of the Constitution to change the constitutional name of the country. I do not accept any idea or suggestion that would compromise Macedonia`s national identity, the individuality of the Macedonian nation, the Macedonian language and the Macedonian model of coexistence. In the presidential elections, 534,910 citizens voted for this electoral programme. The agreement goes beyond the scope of UN Security Council Resolutions 817 (1993) and 845 (1993), because it refers to the “difference in the name of the state” and not to the “disputes” to which the agreement refers,” Ivanov said, adding that “this agreement places the Republic of Macedonia in the subordination of another country, namely the Hellenic Republic. Under Article 308 of the Penal Code, “a citizen who places the Republic of Macedonia in a state of submission or dependence on another state is liable to a prison sentence of at least five years.” The legalization of this agreement creates legal consequences that under the basis of the commission of a crime. [59] [60] [61] Finally, Northern Macedonia, the organizations and all UN Member States simply commit to “adopting and using the name and terminology covered by Article 1, paragraph 3, of the agreement” (Article 1, paragraph 6). The watered-down language as to how third parties should be encouraged to comply with the name count reflects the parties` doubts about the potential impact of the agreement by third parties.

It also reflects the careful reflections of the parties on third countries that are directly interested in the agreement and which could react in unpredictable ways if bolder language is used. More importantly, the contracting parties undertake to take appropriate measures (i.e. requests) to prevent the actions of third parties that could jeopardize the agreement, recognizing that they are not automatically linked. [47] Tsipras, who survived a vote of no confidence by the conservative opposition to his leftist government on the deal on Saturday, faces similar challenges. It will not be easy to muster enough votes in Parliament to ratify the pact without the support of the nationalist Anel party, its junior partner. A poll published over the weekend showed that 68% of Greeks rejected the deal. The international community reacted positively to the Prespa agreement[12] and the media called it “historic”. [13] [14] [15] [16] The European Union welcomed them and The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, tweeted his “sincere congratulations” to Tsipras and Zaev.