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Shimla Agreement Points

Opublikowano: Kwiecień 12th, 2021 by foto-klinika |

This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments. [4] Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s assertion that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had filed a motion to do so. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days. [4] The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other. Pakistan wanted to focus on issues as immediate as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations.

It rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would imply a lasting adoption of the partition of Kashmir and the withdrawal of the UN Kashmir dispute. On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main elements of the Simla Agreement are: the Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civil Interior is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973.